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In this paper, we report the development of novel Pt/nanostructured RuO2/SiC Schottky diode based sensors for hydrogen gas applications. The nanostructured ruthenium oxide thin films were deposited on SiC substrates using radio frequency sputtering technique. Scanning electron microscopy revealed the sputtered RuO2 layer consists of nano-cubular structures with dimensions ranging between 10 and 50 nm. X-ray diffraction confirmed the presence of tetragonal ruthenium (IV) oxide, with preferred orientation along the (101) lattice plane. The current–voltage characteristics of the sensors were investigated towards hydrogen gas in synthetic air at different temperatures from 25 °C to 240 °C. The dynamic responses of the sensors were studied at an optimum temperature of 240 °C and a voltage shift of 304 mV was recorded toward 1% hydrogen gas.
American Scientific Publishers
Publication date: 
1 Apr 2011

Jerry Yu, Mahnaz Shafiei, Elisabetta Comini, Matteo Ferroni, Giorgio Sberveglieri, Kay Latham, Kourosh Kalantar-Zadeh, Wojtek Wlodarski

Biblio References: 
Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 797-800
Sensor Letters