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An investigation of the effects of substrate type and various treatments on carbon nanotubes (CNT) growth, using an evaporated Ni thin film as a catalyst, is presented. Barrier layers of SiO2, Si3N4, and TiN on Si were used as substrates. The catalyst-insulating substrate systems have been processed in several gaseous atmospheres (Ar, NH3 and H2) and in the temperature range 700–900 °C, in order to obtain the most appropriate morphology, size and density of catalyst particles as seeds for the subsequent CNT growth. On this kind of substrates, the smallest nanoparticles were obtained on SiO2 layers, in H2 or NH3 atmosphere even at 700 °C. However, the best vertically aligned and well-graphitized CNT resulted from the NH3 annealing process, followed by the CNT deposition at 900 °C in C2H2 and H2.On TiN conducting substrates, the best vertically aligned CNT were deposited using a shorter annealing …
Publication date: 
1 Mar 2007

GP Veronese, R Rizzoli, R Angelucci, M Cuffiani, L Malferrari, A Montanari, F Odorici

Biblio References: 
Volume: 37 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 21-25
Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures