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Dimensional confinement in silicon nanowires (NWs) is well-known for enhancing phonon scattering, thus leading to a pronounced reduction of thermal conductivity κ with respect to bulk material. The effect of confinement on phonon scattering in nanolayers (NLs), however, has not been fully understood. In this work, thermal conductivity on polycrystalline silicon NLs with roughened surfaces and thicknesses ranging from 30 to 100 nm has been experimentally investigated. For measurement purposes, the nanostructures were fabricated with a dedicated surface nano-machining process, thus producing vertical silicon nanostructures suspended on Al/Si electrodes on a silicon substrate, using SiO2 as a sacrificial layer. By designing such structures in a four-terminal configuration, their κ could be determined by the current-voltage method. Boron doped silicon NLs were examined, at resistivity ranging between …
Springer US
Publication date: 
1 Apr 2013

Dario Narducci, Gianfranco Cerofolini, Matteo Ferri, Francesco Suriano, Fulvio Mancarella, Luca Belsito, Sandro Solmi, Alberto Roncaglia

Biblio References: 
Volume: 48 Issue: 7 Pages: 2779-2784
Journal of materials science