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The multiferroic perovskite BiMnO3, synthesized under high-pressure conditions, decomposes if heated at room-pressure in the temperature range of 500−650 °C. Comparative studies by high-temperature X-ray diffraction, electron diffraction, thermal analysis, and magnetic investigation revealed the existence of a complex pathway to decomposition, depending on the heating rate, pressure, and atmosphere that involves different metastable phases. In particular the as-prepared monoclinic phase (I) transforms to a second monoclinic form (II) at 210 °C and then to an orthorhombic phase (III) at 490 °C. These phase transitions, fast and reversible, occur on heating with a drop in volume and are moved at higher temperatures when pressure is decreased. The transition from II to III, typically observed in inert atmosphere, can be detected also in air when the heating rate is kept sufficiently high. When III is heated in an …
American Chemical Society
Publication date: 
13 Dec 2005

Erica Montanari, Gianluca Calestani, Andrea Migliori, Monica Dapiaggi, Fulvio Bolzoni, Riccardo Cabassi, Edmondo Gilioli

Biblio References: 
Volume: 17 Issue: 25 Pages: 6457-6467
Chemistry of materials