The growth of silicon carbide nanocrystals on Si(1 0 0) is studied by synchrotron surface X-ray diffraction (SXRD) during annealing at high temperature. A chemisorbed methanol monolayer is used as carbon source, allowing to have a fixed amount of carbon atoms to feed the growth. At room temperature, minor changes in the 2 × 1 reconstruction of silicon are observed due to the formation of Si–O–CH3 and Si–H bonds from methanol molecules. When annealed at 500 °C, carbon incorporation into the silicon leads only to local modifications of the surface structure. Above 600 °C, tri-dimensional silicon carbide nanocrystals growth takes place, together with surface roughening and sharp decrease of domain sizes of the 2 × 1 reconstruction. The different processes taking place at each temperature are clearly distinguished and identified during the real time SXRD measurements.
30 Jan 2008
Volume: 254 Issue: 7 Pages: 2162-2167
Applied Surface Science